Inspiration of Swiss robot innovation to China

2022-06-21
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Enlightenment of Swiss robot innovation to China Guide: domestic robot companies lack the ability to manufacture core parts, blindly encourage enterprises to enter this field, or face a dilemma similar to the white appliance industry

the development of high and new technologies, including robots, is inseparable from the cultural background behind them. In terms of culture, Switzerland is more open and inclusive. If you have an idea and want to put it into practice, it will be easier in Switzerland than in other parts of Europe. The spirit of opening-up in Switzerland is inherited from the religious reform in the middle ages. Since then, the spring torque experimental machine has gradually gathered talents from all aspects of the clock industry, trade, banking and chemical industry, and has made high achievements in the economy. The open and inclusive policy and spirit have also attracted many multinational companies to set up their headquarters or European headquarters in Switzerland. In terms of scientific research, Swiss universities are also very open. The cooperation between universities, Switzerland, the European Union and other countries are quite close

artificial intelligence and robots are global topics at present, and it is narrow to be limited to Switzerland or Europe. Due to easier communication, most of the cooperation of NCCR Robotics (Swiss National Robotics Research Center) is in the EU, and there are also many cooperation projects with universities in the United States and Japan. On the national robot day, people from the United States, Japan and China participated. For innovative companies under NCCR, China is a potential partner they are interested in. For example, noonee went to China to further seek opportunities for cooperation with China. NCCR robotics has also established international exchange projects for masters, doctors and postdoctors. For example, students studying in Lausanne Polytechnic can go to the professors in Los Angeles to do scientific research for half a year

understanding NCCR robotics and the Swiss robot industry can also provide some different perspectives for the development of the domestic robot industry

focus on public education and market cultivation

it is very important to guide the public to look at robots from a positive perspective. This industry needs the public's understanding. For the field of consumer robots, this is also a very important market cultivation work. So far, wearable robots are still positioned to provide services for special groups such as the disabled. There are often discussions in the media about whether robots will increase the average stress in the tension bolt as a result of the preload, replacing humans. Ordinary people's cognition of robots may come from science fiction movies and novels, which will inevitably be biased. Many robots are still a strange field to the public. So NCCR robotics will tell the public what they are doing through the media

for example, NCCR robotics has developed a simple open source robot that teachers can use to teach children to learn computers. The professor who developed the robot will hold a seminar for the teachers. The teachers will educate the children through the robot when they return home. The children will communicate with their parents when they return home. They hope that through the layer by layer transmission of these education, the robot will become less frightening. Robots can be used as educational aids to teach children what robots are and how to work, as well as other subjects. Some children have problems such as lack of self-confidence and learning difficulties. Teachers let children teach robots how to write, which improved their self-confidence and interest. The robot can be used as an auxiliary tool to solve some problems in the teaching process. In this way, they will tell us that robots do not replace human beings, but assist human beings

last October, NCCR robotics also held a semi robot games similar to the Olympic Games in Zurich: Cybertron. The competition is divided into six events. The disabled choose a company or scientific research institution to compete for the championship. More than 100 contestants from 26 countries participated in the competition. A lot of publicity before the competition attracted more than 5000 people to watch the competition. BBC and CNN reported on this. Through the competition, people will understand how new technologies will help humans, such as what machine joints do, because these technologies are not well known to the general public. The project idea and initial funding of this activity came from NCCR, but later, the scale of the activity became larger and larger, so that NCCR could not complete it independently

improve the technology business conversion rate

according to the 2015 world intellectual property report breakthrough innovation and economic growth issued by the world intellectual property organization, the United States, Japan, Germany and other industrial developed countries have formed a company led frontier innovation force; At present, China's innovation pattern is dominated by the contributions of universities and public research institutions. From the first patent applications submitted since 2005, China has submitted more than 25% of the world's total number of first applications in the field of robotics, accounting for the highest proportion of countries. First time applications from Japanese universities and public research institutions have never exceeded 10% of the total. In contrast, China usually has the highest academic proportion, more than 50% in the field of robotics. On the one hand, it may indicate that the R & D capacity of Chinese companies in relevant technology fields is relatively limited, which may mean that the commercialization conversion rate of technology is lower. Therefore, the key to developing China's robot industry is to improve the commercial conversion rate of R & D achievements of universities and scientific research institutions. In other words, let the basic research related to the robot industry be more closely connected with commercial development, establish a smoother communication channel between research and industry, guide at the front end of the innovation chain, and finally make R & D more market-oriented and improve the commercial conversion rate of universities and scientific research institutions. That is to say, for China, establishing a more three-dimensional innovation organization structure in the robot field and promoting the blood circulation of the innovation ecology will be more valuable than simply giving R & D subsidies or tax cuts to robot enterprises

open innovation also applies to the robot industry. In the field of robotics, Switzerland strongly embodies the characteristics of openness and communication. Through NCCR, various universities have formed a close cooperative relationship, and industrial scientists have the opportunity to often communicate with each other. Through activities such as the industry day, industries and businesses have opened up and communicated with each other, forming a good interaction. Academic exchanges with other countries around the world are also quite active. Startups also show high interest in funds and resources from around the world. On the whole, an open and inclusive innovation culture is more conducive to the development of bottom-up innovation activities

beware of the blind development of the robot industrial park

the high labor costs and prices, the pressure of a strong Swiss franc, and the limited domestic market make Swiss high-tech start-ups have to have international thinking since their inception. Such a market environment makes it possible for only highly innovative companies to gain a foothold. Due to different national conditions, China and Switzerland are very different in the path of innovation. Many areas of China are based on secondary innovation of existing technologies, and then take advantage of China's huge domestic market to form competitiveness in innovation. The Chinese market has become a hot spot in the world, such as Tencent. At present, most of China's industrial robot market share is occupied by multinational companies. Most domestic robot companies still lack the ability to manufacture core parts, and their products tend to be homogeneous. Which competitive path should China try? If the robot industrial park is blindly developed and enterprises that do not have the conditions are encouraged to enter the robot field, there may be a stampede situation similar to that of the white household appliance industry and embark on the old road of price competition. For breakthrough technologies such as robots that need state support, industrial policies and ideas to stimulate innovation may have to change

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